What is Bullying? Definition and Types

What is bullying?

A repeated and habitual behavior to use force or power to control or harm someone physically or verbally is called bullying. It is not always physical, there are many other types of bullying. Verbal bullying is also harmful to the well-being of a kid.

It is unwanted and aggressive behavior. The two main factors of bullying are Imbalance of Power and repetition. If the behavior is repetitive which means it happens more than once and the kids who bully use their power to physically abuse or embarrass others, it is bullying.

However, there is no legal definition of bullying.

It can happen anywhere, in the classroom, in a sports team, in the workplace, or in any other social groups and it affects the wellbeing of kids and adults in the same way.

The following are the main types of bullying.

  • Verbal Bullying
  • Physical Bullying
  • Cyber Bullying
  • Social Bullying

Verbal Bullying

As the name shows, there is no physical activity involved so it’s not as much visible, but its impact is more dangerous. Hurting someone mentally completely destroys the personality, especially if he is a kid. Some examples of verbal bullying are

  • Name-calling or calling with inappropriate names in public
  • Teasing behavior
  • Commenting on others about their personality or sexual orientation
  • Threatening for physical harm
  • Taunting with inappropriate language

Physical Bullying

If someone is hurting your body or any other possessions it is called physical bullying. Most of the time senior students or the heightened and healthy students of a class physically bullies the weak students. The following are some of the examples.

  • Spitting on or Infront of someone
  • Breaking or tearing the books or pencils of taking them by force
  • Kicking, hitting, or pinching someone
  • Using hands for making mean gestures
  • Pushing or tripping the weak students in class or other places

Social Bullying

Social bullying also hurt a person mentally. It causes emotional imbalance because social bullying hurts the reputation and relationship of a person. Some examples of social bullying are

  • Embarrassing someone due to their appearance in public
  • Spreading false stories and rumors about anyone
  • Asking the children not to befriend with a person to make him feel lonely
  • Leaving someone behind on purpose


Cyberbullying emerged as technology make this world a global village. Cyberbullies hurt a person’s reputation and emotional and social well being by using different online technologies. It can be a social networking website, chat rooms, gaming sites, or anywhere online. Cyberbullying includes

  • Sending inappropriate messages to someone
  • Hacking the social networking or gaming profile of someone
  • Spreading rumors about someone online
  • Using a fake name or pretending to be someone and hurting his/her reputation
  • Sending threatening or harassment messages through any online means like IMs, Text messages, Phone calls, or email.

Deal Bullying at School

If someone is bullying you at school and you are not telling it to someone, he or she will never stop.. If you are being bullied you must trust someone and tell them about the bully. You can tell your parents, teachers, or any close friend about bullying. If you are unable to stop that person, these people will help you to make him stop.

It is not a good practice to hit back and respond to bullying with violence. Ask the help of a teacher or ask your close friend to tell the teacher about bullying on your behalf. You can also take your parents to school so that they can talk to your teacher and school authorities.

Anti Bullying Week Activities can also help you to raise awareness about its negative impact.

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